বিষয় লিস্ট

বিচারপতি মোস্তাফা কামাল এর বাংলাদেশ কন্সটিটিউশনঃ ট্রেন্ডস এণ্ড ইস্যুস

বাংলাদেশ কন্সটিটিউশনঃ ট্রেন্ডস এণ্ড ইস্যুস
এক নজরে

মোট পাতা: 339

বিষয়: আইন বিষয়ক/আইন







1. The Proclamation of Independence


The Proclamation of Independence in Mujibnagar on the 10th day of April, 1971 heralded the birth of a new country with an old history and long memories. This document, the Proclamation of Independence, is the first constitutional document with which the new country made a constitutional start. It contains in itself the genesis of its creation and it graphically describes the rationale of its birth in the following words:-




Mujibnagar, Bangladesh


Dated 10th day of April, 1971.


Whereas free elections were held in Bangladesh from 7th December, 1970 to 17th January, 1971, to elect representatives for the purpose of farming a Constitution.

Whereas at these elections the people of Bangladesh elected 167 out of 169 representatives belonging to the Awami League,




Whereas General Yahya Khan summoned the elected representatives of the people to meet on the 3rd March, 1971, for the purpose of framing a Constitution,




Whereas the Assembly so summoned was arbitrarily and illegally postponed for an indefinite period.




Whereas instead of fulfilling their promise and while still conferring with the representatives of the people of Bangladesh, Pakistan authorities declared an unjust and treacherous war.




Whereas in the facts and circumstances of such treacherous conduct Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the undisputed leader of 75 million people of Bangladesh in due fulfillment of the legitimate right of self-determination of the people of Bangladesh, duly made a declaration of independence at Dacca on March 26, 1971, and urged the people of Bangladesh to defend the honour and integrity of Bangladesh.




Whereas in the conduct of a ruthless and savage war the Pakistani authorities committed and are still continuously committing numerous acts of genocide and unprecedented tortures,

among others, on the civilian and unarmed people of Bangladesh,




Whereas the Pakistan Government by levying an unjust war and committing genocide and by other repressive measures made it impossible for the elected representatives of the people of Bangladesh to meet and frame a Constitution, and give to themselves a Government."

Then comes a clean break from the past, an unshackling of the bondage of a past statehood and a self-proclaimed assumption of all Power:-




Whereas the people of Bangladesh, by their heroism, bravery and revolutionary fervour have established effective control over the territories of Bangladesh, We, the elected representatives of the people of Bangladesh, as honour bound by the mandate given to us by people of Bangladesh, whose will is supreme, duly constituted ourselves into a Constituent Assembly, and having held mutual consultations, and in order to ensure for people of Bangladesh equality, human dignity and social justice, declare and constitute Bangladesh to be a sovereign People’s Republic and thereby confirm the declaration of independence already made by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and do hereby affirm and resolve that till such time as a Constitution is framed, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman shall be President of the Republic and that Syed Nazrul Islam shall be the Vice-President of the Republic, and that the President shall be the Supreme Commander of all the Armed Forces of the Republic.

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